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End of year expectations for Year 6


A guide for parents and carers

This booklet provides information for parents/carers on the end of year National Curriculum expectations for children in this year group. The children will be working throughout the year towards achieving these expectations and will be assessed against them at regular intervals throughout the year. You will have the opportunity to discuss progress against these expectations at parents evening.


  • Can demonstrate an understanding of place value, including large numbers and decimals up to ten million and determine the value of each digit
  • Can calculate mentally, using efficient strategies such as rounding, using the inverse operations and known number facts
  • Rounds any whole number to a required degree of accuracy and use rounding to solve problems
  • Uses negative numbers in context and calculates intervals across zero
  • Solves addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
  • Multiplies multi-digit numbers up to four digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
  • Divides numbers up to four digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context and solving division problems with answers up to two decimal places
  • Uses estimation to check answers to calculations and determines, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy
  • Recalls and uses equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts
  • Solves problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions, decimals and percentages
  • Can substitute values into a simple value to solve problems eg perimeter of rectangle or area of a triangle
  • Uses, reads, writes and converts between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and finds unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals and regular polygons and can solve problems involving scale
  • Draws and translates simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflects them in the axes
  • Interprets pie charts and line graphs and uses these to solve problems
  • Calculates and interprets the mean as an average


  • Read age-appropriate books with confidence and fluency
  • Read aloud with intonation that shows understanding
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology) - as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum document - both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that are met
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Explains and discusses their understanding of what they have read, drawing inferences and justifying these with evidence, exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details and using quotations for illustration
  • Predict what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the child and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
  • Make comparisons within and across books


  • Writes for a range of purposes and audiences
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Selects appropriate vocabulary and grammar understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning
  • Selects vocabulary and grammatical structures that reflect the level of formality required ( eg. find out - discover; ask for - request; go in – enter)
  • Draft, edit and proof-read for improving the effectiveness of writing, correcting spelling and punctuation errors
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Uses organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader - paragraphs, headings, bullet points, underlining
  • Uses a wide range of clauses in various places within sentences for effect
  • Uses inverted commas, commas for clarity and punctuation for parenthesis and making some correct use of semi-colons, dashes, colons and hyphens
  • Can describe settings, characters and atmosphere, integrating dialogue to convey character and advance the action
  • Use adverbs, preposition phrases and expanded noun phrase effectively to add detail, qualification and precision
  • Spells most words correctly, including common exception words
  • Maintain legibility, fluency and speed in handwriting through choosing whether or not to join specific letters
  • Uses dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • Uses the passive and modal verbs appropriately